Thematic Research Group
A new grammar for human rights public policy production: gender, sexuality, and race in Bolsonaro’s government
Jair Bolsonaro’s government (2019-present) is an exemplary case of the multiple conservative phenomena experienced globally and manifested differently in each country today. This research project argues that current conservative political articulations differ from past conservative tactics, especially regarding human rights. Human rights public policy design and discourse are currently a major arena for conservative groups. These have managed to connect the language of conservative politics with the debate over human rights, imposing a new grammar to this dimension of public life, while reaffirming principles in opposition to previously accepted definitions of human rights. Race, gender, and sexuality play a central role in the case of Bolsonaro’s government, as demonstrated by the Ministry of Women, Family, and Human Rights led by Damares Alves. Based on a systematic assessment of this ministry’s actions during the first two years of Bolsonaro’s government (2019-2020), our work identifies the main terms of the dispute (here referred to as ‘a new grammar’) and considers its possible impacts for the future of human rights public policy production, using Brazil as a key case to understand similar processes in other countries.
Jacqueline Teixeira has a doctoral title in Social Anthropology from the USP, where she also obtained a Master’s degree and a further degree in Sociology, in addition to a degree in Theology from the Mackenzie Presbyterian Institute. As a researcher at CEBRAP, she investigates the areas of gender, sexuality, and religion. She is also a researcher at NUMAS, USP’s centre for social markers of difference. Her main activities and research interests are in the areas of urban anthropology, anthropology of religion, and social markers of difference. She is currently a substitute professor in the Department of Philosophy of Education and Educational Sciences of the Faculty of Education at USP, an accredited professor in the university’s Postgraduate Program in Education (PPGE-USP) and a postdoctoral researcher in its Graduate Program in Social Anthropology (PPGAS-USP).
Main Discipline: Anthropology
Teixeira, Jacqueline M. (2014): “Mídia e performances de gênero na Igreja Universal: O desafio Godllywood. Religião & Sociedade”, 34, 232–256.
Teixeira, Jacqueline M. (2017): “As relações entre Estado e Religião no Brasil”, in: Silva, Felipe G. and José R. Rodriguez (eds.), Manual de Sociologia Jurídica [3 vols.] [4th edition], São Paulo: Ed. Saraiva, 301–335.
Teixeira, Jacqueline M. (2021a): A Mulher Universal: corpo, gênero e pedagogia da prosperidade [2nd edition], São Paulo: Portal de livros abertos da USP.
Teixeira, Jacqueline M. (2021b): “Disputes pour les droits de l’homme au Brésil:une grammaire évangéliste dans les politiques publiques d’éducation”, in: Basdevant-Gaudemet, Brigitte and David Koussens (eds.), Les protestants évangéliques et la laïcité, Paris: Ed. Université Paris Saclay, 58–78.
Teixeira, Jacqueline M. (2021c): “No es humo, es fuego! Cruzada anti-género y resistencias feministas en Brasil”, in: Vega, Cristina and Cabezas, Marta (eds.), En la/La trinchera patriarcal: Neoliberalismo autoritario y nuevas derechas en Europa y las Américas, Barcelona: Ed. Bellaterra, 201–231.
Marília Moschkovich is a sociologist. She obtained her MA and PhD titles in the field of Education and Social Sciences from University of Campinas (UNICAMP). Her areas of interest are sociology of education, sociology of knowledge, gender studies, feminist theories, and anthropology. She received the German Chancellor Fellowship for Tomorrow’s Leaders from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and she has held academic posts at the National University of Córdoba, Argentina (UNC) as well as the School of Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS) in Paris.
Main Discipline: Sociology
Moschkovich, Marília and Almeida, Ana Maria F. (2015): “Desigualdades de Gênero na Carreira Acadêmica no Brasil“, in: Dados, 58, 3, 749–789.
Moschkovich, Marília (2017): “Beyond the Academic Glass Ceiling: Notes on the Situation of Women Professors in Brazil”, in: Eggins, Heather (ed.), The Changing Role of Women in Higher Education. Academic and Leadership Issues [The Changing Academy – The Changing Academic Profession in International Comparative Perspective 17], Cham: Springer International Publishing; Imprint: Springer, 291–310.
Moschkovich, Marília (2018): Feminist Gender Wars: The Reception of the Concept of Gender in Brazil (1980s-1990s) and the Global Dynamics of Production and Circulation of Knowledge [PhD Thesis], Campinas: Universidade Estadual de Campinas.
Moschkovich, Marília (2020a): “Notas para um Materialismo Bi-Alético“, in: Revista Brasileira de Estudos da Homocultura, 3, 10, 109–127.
Moschkovich, Marília (2020b): “Sobre laranjas mecânicas, feminismo e psicanálise: natureza e cultura na dialética da alienação voluntária”, in: Teperman, Daniela; Thais Garrafa and Vera Iaconelli (eds.), Coleção Psicanálise e Parentalidade [1 vol.], Belo Horizonte: Autêntica.
Conservative educational projects and their configurations of conviviality-inequality in Argentina and Chile: the Macri and Piñera governments (2010-2020)
This research group examines the educational projects of conservative actors in Chile and Argentina over the last decade from an interdisciplinary, transnational, and comparative perspective. We focus on the governments of Sebastián Piñera (2010-2014 and 2018-present) and Mauricio Macri (2015-2019) as well as their mutual linkages with private actors. We understand education as a crucial practice that builds cultural hegemony through the transmission of knowledge, values, and ideas in order to produce consensus and social conformity. The group combines two key analyses: the analysis of educational strategies and programmes aimed at students; and, using a broader definition of education, the analysis of visual materials and music as political persuasion strategies aimed at society as a whole. Specifically, we examine the educational projects firstly in terms of their forms of legitimisation and symbolic representation of class, ethnic, and gender-related hierarchies and differences; and secondly in terms of the underlying imaginaries of conviviality. The group analyses texts, visual materials, and musical compositions using discourse analysis (Hajer 2004), the constant comparative method (Glaser & Strauss 1967), the iconographic-iconological method (Brocks 2012 among others), and Brenner’s (1992) theoretical multilevel model for the political use of music.
Cinthia Wanschelbaum holds a PhD title in Education Sciences from the University of Buenos Aires (UBA). She is a researcher at CONICET based at the UBA’s IICE (Institute for Research in Education Sciences), and Associate Professor in the Department of Education of the National University of Luján (UNLu). She also teaches postgraduate courses in different national universities throughout Argentina. She has received scholarships from the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation to carry out research at the HU Berlin (Humboldt University of Berlin).
Main Discipline: Education Sciences
Wanschelbaum, Cinthia (2015): “Educación y terrorismo de Estado en la Argentina. La política educativa de los dinosaurios“, in: Pedagógica, Nº3. Departamento de Pedagogía, Política y Sociedad, Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación, 3, 57–72.
Wanschelbaum, Cinthia (2018): “La política educativa del aristogato“, in: Márgenes. Revista de Economía Política, 4, 37–45.
Wanschelbaum, Cinthia (2019): “Educación y desigualdad. Un análisis histórico-crítico de la Educación de Jóvenes y Adultos en Argentina“, in: Polifonías. Revista de Educación, VII, 23–42.
Wanschelbaum, Cinthia (2020): “El movimiento reformista del 55 al 66. La lucha “laica o libre” y el Departamento de Extensión Universitaria”, in: Feldfeber, Myriam and María Inés Maañon (eds.), La Educación Superior como derecho: a 100 años de la Reforma Universitaria, Buenos Aires: Editorial de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 15–18.
Wanschelbaum, Cinthia (2021): “Una universidad para el pueblo. El proyecto político-pedagógico y las acciones del Departamento de Extensión Universitaria de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (1956-1966)”, in: Carli, Sandra (ed.), Historia de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (1945-1983), Buenos Aires: EUDEBA (forthcoming).
Cristina Alarcón is a university assistant and lecturer at the University of Vienna. From 2011 to December 2020, she was research assistant and lecturer at the HU Berlin (Humboldt University of Berlin). She holds a doctorate in Educational Sciences from the HU Berlin, a degree she pursued with a scholarship from the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). She is a psychologist, a former CONICET scholarship-recipient, and holds a Magister title (Maestría en Ciencias Sociales) from FLACSO (Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences).
Main Discipline: Education Sciences
Alarcón, Cristina (2014a): La verdad y la belleza. Protestas de escolares en Chile, 1973-2013 [Documentary], Chile: Martec Producciones.
Alarcón, Cristina (2014b): Modelltransfer im Schatten des Krieges, Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang Publishing Group.
Alarcón, Cristina (2015): “Governing by Testing: Circulation, Psychometric Knowledge, Experts and the “Alliance for Progress” in Latin America During the 1960s and 1970s“, in: European Education, 47, 3, 199–214.
Alarcón, Cristina (2017): “Die StellvertreterInnen – Bildung und SchülerInnenmobilisierung in Chile, 1990-2015“, in: Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, 63, 5, 596–613.
Katharina Schembs holds a PhD in History from the HU Berlin (Humboldt University of Berlin) and an MA in History, Art History, and Romance Language Studies from the University of Heidelberg. She is currently Assistant Professor at the Department of Iberian and Latin American History at UzK.
Her main research interests lie in visual history, the history of populism and authoritarianism, as well as the history of urban planning in the global South.
Main Discipline: History
Schembs, Katharina (2013): “Education through images: Peronist visual propaganda between innovation and tradition (Argentina 1946-1955)”, in: Paedagogica Historica. International Journal of the History of Education, 49, 90–110.
Schembs, Katharina (2018): Der Arbeiter als Zukunftsträger der Nation. Bildpropaganda im faschistischen Italien und im peronistischen Argentinien in transnationaler Perspektive (1922- 1955) [Lateinamerikanische Forschungen Band 48], Cologne: Böhlau Verlag.
Schembs, Katharina and Potthast, Bárbara (eds.) (2019): Student Protests in the Global South. Annotated Sources (1918-2018), Cologne: GSSC.
Schembs, Katharina (2020): “Ein Mussolini der Pampa? Perón und die Rechte in Argentinien”, in: Eser, Patrick and Jan-Henrik Witthaus (eds.), Rechtswende in Lateinamerika. PolitischePendelbewegungen, sozio-ökonomische Umbrüche und kulturelle Imaginarien in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Wien: Mandelbaum Verlag.
Schembs, Katharina (2021): “The invention of the ‘third-world city’: urban planning in Latin America in the 1960s and early 1970s“, in: Esboços. Histórias em contextos globais, 28, 77–92.