maria sibylla merian centre
conviviality-inequality in latin america
Elodie Brun Political Science
Elodie Brun is an Associate Professor at the Center for International Studies (CEI) of El Colegio de México (COLMEX). Her research deals with the South as a concept in international relations, international inequalities, South-South relations, multilateralism, and Latin American foreign policies. She obtained her doctoral degree in Political Science from Sciences Po (Paris), specialising in the field of international relations, and is a graduate of the Sciences Po Lille.
Project:Embedded inequalities and states in the international system: hierarchies, constraints, reproduction and conviviality threats
The links between the logics of domination and multiple inequalities in the international system restricts and hinders conviviality in Latin American and Caribbean countries. This project studies how inequalities operate in world politics, with a focus on state actors. It embarks on a dialogue between International Relations and International Economics, employing empirical research to decipher the distribution of political and economic inequalities between states and other actors (transnational corporations, non-governmental organisations, international institutions, etc.) and their consequences for conviviality. We use multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) to take into account the project’s ontological diversity.
Taming the residual: beings, spaces and sentiments in the global south
Ajay Gandhi is an Assistant Professor at Leiden University in the Netherlands. His interests are in urban, political, and economic anthropology, with a focus on South Asia. He was a research scientist at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity (MPI-MMG) in Göttingen (2011-2017), and received his PhD in Anthropology from Yale University in 2010. He has published on transactional and material forms, postcolonial jurisdiction, human-animal relations, urban friction, and social aesthetics and concepts.
• Gandhi, Ajay (2021a): “Black Money in India: Fighting Specters and Fostering Relations”, in: Gandhi, Ajay; Barbara Harriss-White; Douglas E. Haynes and Sebastian Schwecke (eds.), Rethinking markets in modern India. Embedded exchange and contested jurisdiction, Cambridge, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 269–293.
Susanne Schultz is a sociologist and political scientist. She has taught at the Goethe University Frankfurt and the University of Vienna, and has conducted various research projects on biopolitics, human genetics, reproductive medicine, and demographic policies. She has always been crossing borders: between academic research and teaching, engaging with social feminist and antiracist movements, and working in internationalist foundations and NGOs. Her main areas of research are bio- and necropolitics, relations of reproduction, population policies, human genetics, state theory, racism and migration regimes, queerfeminist theory, production networks, and social movements, with a special interest in Latin American countries. She lives in Berlin and is involved with Respect, the organisation for the rights of undocumented migrants, as well as the Berlin Network for Reproductive Justice, among others.
Main Discipline: Sociology
Project: Feminist convivialities: alliance practices for reproductive justice
In Brazil, protests against racism, transphobia, and other forms of structural violence play a central role in current feminist movements. This intersectional feminist stance claims to bring visibility to the vastly different experiences of women and, at the same time, to integrate them into one common feminist project. This research project investigates how this claim affects the way grassroot feminist groups work together and build alliances. Its focus is twofold: first, on the concept of reproductive justice; and second, on the ways intersectional feminism shapes each movement’s approach to abortion, contraception, pregnancy, birth, and mothering/parenting.
• Schultz, Susanne (2006): Hegemonie – Gouvernementalitaet – Biomacht. Reproduktive Risiken und die Transformation internationaler Bevoelkerungspolitik, Münster: Westfälisches Dampfboot.
• Schultz, Susanne (2019b): “The Epistemic Critique of Life Sciences: Feminist Activism’s Forgotten Contribution”, in: Weber, Ulla and Birgit Kollboske (eds.), 50 Jahre später – 50 Jahre weiter. Kämpfe und Errungenschaften der Frauenbewegungen nach 1968, Berlin: Max Planck Society Berlin, 34–38.
• Schultz, Susanne (2021): “Gefährliche statistische Kurzschlüsse. Zur anti-malthusianischen Dimension reproduktiver Gerechtigkeit”, in: Kitchen Politics (ed.), Mehr als Selbstbestimmung – Kämpfe für reproduktive Gerechtigkeit [Kitchen Politics 4], Münster: edition assemblage, 97–124.
Georg Fischer History
Georg Fischer is an Associate Professor at Aarhus University. He was a teaching and research assistant in Latin American history at the Institute for Latin American Studies (LAI) of FU Berlin (2007-2014) and a Fox International Fellow at Yale University (2010-2011). His research interests include nature-society relations, science and knowledge, and North-South inequalities, with a regional focus in Latin America and its connections to the wider world. His work places a particular emphasis on Brazil in the nineteenth and twentieth century.
His ongoing research deals with agriculture, migration, and environmental change in South American savanna landscapes. Using comparative, transnational, and global history approaches, he studies agricultural colonisation and rural development projects in several South American countries since the Second World War.
Project:Conviviality with(in) landscapes: transforming South America’s savannas 1950-1980
The period between the 1950s and the 1980s saw a number of attempts to implement colonisation projects and trigger processes of economic and demographic expansion in South American savanna environments. These were carried out by state agencies, international organisations, and private business groups in countries such as Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina, Colombia, and Venezuela. The project consists of a comprehensive review of the existing scholarship on agrarian colonisation in South American savannas, applying a conviviality-inequalities framework. Conviviality with and within landscapes provides a typological basis to this approach, highlighting both the encounters between different ecological (human and more-than-human) agents and the encounters between different social groups with unequal resources who made the savanna their home.
Main Discipline: History
• Fischer, Georg (2013): with Frederik Schulze, Christina Peters and Stefan Rinke (eds.): Brasilien in der Welt: Region, Nation und Globalisierung, 1870-1945, Frankfurt am Main: Campus.
• Fischer, Georg (2017): Globalisierte Geologie: Eine Wissensgeschichte des Eisenerzes in Brasilien, 1876-1914, Frankfurt am Main: Campus.